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Human Rights Monitoring Report on Tigray

The conflict in Northern Ethiopia began on November 3, 2020 between the Tigray Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Federal Government. As documented by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC/the Commission) and the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Joint Investigation Team (JIT) report, all sides involved: the Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF), Eritrean Defense Forces (EDF), Tigray Forces, Amhara and Afar Special Forces and allied militia, and the Fano have committed violations of international human rights law, humanitarian law, and refugee law, which may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes. On 2 November 2022, the TPLF and the Federal Government signed the Agreement for Lasting Peace through a Permanent Cessation of Hostilities (the Peace Agreement), ending the two-year long conflict in Northern Ethiopia.

Following the signing of the Peace Agreement, EHRC and OHCHR-EARO (East Africa Regional Office) agreed to coordinate their efforts to monitor the human rights situation in Tigray following the signing of the Peace Agreement of November 2022, in line with their respective mandates.

EHRC conducted a monitoring mission into the human rights and humanitarian situation in Tigray from July 7 to July 30, 2023. The Commission monitored five zonal administrations in the region: Central, North-Western, Southern, South-Eastern zones and Mekelle special zone.

Executive Summary: Human Rights Monitoring Report on Tigray