Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 20 (1) & (2) 

  • A child temporarily or permanently deprived of his or her family environment, or in whose own best interests cannot be allowed to remain in that environment, shall be entitled to special protection and assistance provided by the State.  
  • States Parties shall in accordance with their national laws ensure alternative care for such a child. 

Ethiopian Constitution, Article 36 (5) 

  • The State shall accord special protection to orphans and shall encourage the establishment of institutions which ensure and promote their adoption and advance their welfare and education.