Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol), Article 4(1), (2(a and b)) 

  • Every woman shall be entitled to respect for her life and the integrity and security of her person. All forms of exploitation, cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment and treatment shall be prohibited. 

States parties shall take appropriate and effective measures to:  

  • enact and enforce laws to prohibit all forms of violence against women including unwanted or forced sex whether the violence takes place in private or public;
  • adopt such other legislative, administrative, social, and economic measures as may be necessary to ensure the prevention, punishment, and eradication of all forms of violence against women.