© UNICEF Ethiopia/2020/Mulugeta Ayene
Human Rights Concept of the week
February 7-11, 2022
The International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), themed this year “Accelerating Investment to End FGM”, was commemorated on February 6, 2022.
Women and girls, like all other human beings, are entitled to the protection and enjoyment of all human rights. The practice of FGM is a form of gender discrimination that breaches the rights of women and girls to equality, personal security, freedom from harsh, inhuman, and humiliating treatment, privacy, and a minimum level of living. (UN)
Article 5 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa also requires states to prohibit “through legislative measures backed by sanctions, of all forms of FGM”.
UNICEF’s 2020 data shows that in Ethiopia, 25 million girls and women have undergone FGM, the largest absolute number in Eastern and Southern Africa. Ethiopia banned the practice of FGM and other harmful traditional practices under the FDRE Criminal Code since 2004 and has committed to eliminate FGM by 2030 in its 10 Year Development Plan. But other transformative interventions are necessary.